Please find the original text below, submitted in Portuguese.
The biggest UN event in history discusses new directions for global development.
From June 13 to 22, the city of Rio de Janeiro transforms into the “Green Capital of the World.” At least that's what the UN Conference on Sustainable Development—Rio+20—promises as it discusses the environmental issue on the planet.
The event takes place 20 years after the ECO 92: the genesis of an international framework on the subject, which also happened in Rio, and served as a landmark for great discussions as global warming and conservation of green areas. This year, high-level activities begin on June 20; parallel meetings have already gotten underway.
The organizers expect a series of debates to take place between civil society organizations, governments, universities, and the private sector. In an interview with UN Radio, Brazilian Minister of Foreign Affairs Antônio Patriota said, "By the end of the Rio+20 we will have an ambitious document, pointing directions and establishing guidelines for the coming years." Leaders are expected from 115 countries, making it the largest UN summit in history. Nevertheless, the absences of U.S. President Barack Obama, UK Prime Minister David Cameron, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are expected.
The opening event was attended by Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, who stressed that the agenda of the environment should not be implemented only for rich countries but also developing countries. Dilma also defended an economic model that combines "preservation," "construction" and "growth."
The meeting participants believe that implementation of a global environmental agenda will be possible to draw at least 1.3 billion people out of poverty through economic inclusion.
For United Nations Environment Program Executive Director Achim Steiner, it is necessary to reconcile "economy and ecology so that they can generate transformational social outcomes," which, according to him, is already happening. Yesterday, June 14, the participants issued the first report called “Building an Inclusive Economy Green for All.”