Governing Peru in the Time of Party Collapse: Part I and II


August 22, 2013


In two articles published in World Politics Review, AQ Editor-in-Chief Christopher Sabatini and Editorial Associate Wilda Escarfuller look at the evolution of Peruvian politics since the Fujimori era and the challenging conditions for governance. Part I examines the evolution of Peruvian politics since the Fujimori era and the challenging conditions for governance. Part II examines President Ollanta Humala’s government policy and solutions to address Peru’s political volatility and social upheaval.


Part I

Another Peruvian president faces evaporating public support, a fractious opposition and civil unrest in the interior. This time it’s President Ollanta Humala, a former military officer who in his second run for office in 2011 presented himself as a moderate, pro-business social democrat—a contrast to his first run in 2006, in which he was all populist fire and brimstone.

Sadly, though, despite his 2011 makeover as a moderate—though still an outsider—the same fate has befallen Humala as has met Peruvian presidents since the election of Alberto Fujimori in 1989. In the post-Fujimori political dystopia, the fickle nature of party alliances and popular support has weakened the executive's capacity to initiate and implement consensus over major policies. Add to that the disparity between Peru's torrid rates of economic growth and the country's levels of social and economic exclusion, and you have a prescription for political volatility and polarization. The question is whether this time it will lead to broader political and social upheaval. ...

Read the rest of Part I of this briefing here.


Part II

Two years into a five'year term, the government of Peruvian President Ollanta Humala is already facing plummeting public approval. Despite Humala´s rhetorical commitment to social inclusion and justice, his government´s reaction to escalating proetsts against extractive industries has sparked concerns not only about his willingness to forge a consensus between local communities and international investors, but also about his seemingly weakening commitment to establish a predictable, just policy framework for disputes between them. The effect has been to leave the broader environment surrounding investment and community relations unresolved and unpredictable. ...

Read the rest of Part II of this briefing here.


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