New Americas Quarterly Released: Higher Education and Competitiveness
How can universities prepare students for the global economy? The Summer 2014 issue of Americas Quarterly, released on July 29, explores ways that universities, community colleges and exchange programs are helping the region’s youth prepare for the future and the global economy. We examine the challenges today’s students face—from outdated curricula to the rising cost of a college degree and the resulting debt burden, and the quality of education—to understand the challenges and the modern wave of student protests that have swept the hemisphere.
In this issue, Charles Hale explains how and why Latin American studies remains relevant, while Indira Palacios-Valladares reports on student protest movements in Latin America and their politics. Jesus Velasco proposes a series of means to help Mexico—and other countries—retain top academics; Carol Stax Brown explains why U.S. community colleges and vocational schools in Latin America are essential and what they can learn from one another to better serve the needs of their students and economies; and Timothy DeVoogd describes firsthand how science and technology-focused exchange programs in Chile, Colombia and Brazil are already benefitting those countries’ students and businesses. Plus, our AQ Charticle shows how different U.S. states treat undocumented students who want to access public higher education.
AQ also looks at return migration in Mexico, Cuba-EU relations, and Venezuela’s political and economic future. In a special section on the Dominican Republic’s 2013 court decision to deny citizenship to descendants of undocumented Haitian immigrants, Santiago A. Canton and Wade H. McMullen, Jr. explain the human rights consequences, and acclaimed writers Edwidge Danticat and Junot Díaz discuss the shared history between the two countries and the tragedy of recent politics.
Finally, for the third year in a row, AQ presents the Social Inclusion Index, featuring all-new data, a new country—Argentina—and rankings of two new indicators: access to justice and disability rights. See how the countries in the region stack up. In accompanying articles, Joan Caivano and Jane Marcus-Delgado discuss women’s rights in the hemisphere, and Matthew Budd and Marcela Donadio look at insecurity in Central America and its relationship to social inclusion.
As the number of unaccompanied minors—mostly coming from Central America—has substantially increased in the last three years, immigration has become a hot-button issue again in the United States. AQ's Kate Brick explores that while the federal government continues to delay on immigration reform, cities have taken the lead on providing support for immigrants.
By Kate Brick
The adoption of consulta previa by various countries in Latin America has provoked a strong reactions from civil society. In El Tiempo, AQ Editor-in-Chief Christopher Sabatini examines consulta previa in various Latin American countires and the social and political conflicts that have erupted in response to its implementation.
By: Christopher Sabatini
Residents of Latin America's biggest cities have many complaints, from traffic to pollution to bad governance. And as cities grow and resources become more scarce, cities will have to find more sustainable ways to grow.
The 12th joint report by Americas Quarterly and Efecto Naím, which aired on Sunday, June 1, looks at the way a new generation of urban planners is trying to make cities "smarter" by applying new ideas and new technologies to the problems of growing cities.
The International Labour Organization Convention 169 (ILO 169) recognizes Indigenous and ethnic communities' right to be consulted about laws, administrative measures and investment projects that could affect them. In Politico, AQ Editor-in-Chief Christopher Sabatini analyzes how ILO 169 has influenced social conflict throughout the region, and how the conflict between globalization and local rights can be addressed.
Charlie Crist recently announced that he might go to Cuba this summer, a move unprecedented in Florida politics. In Politico, AQ Editor-in-Chief Christopher Sabatini analyzes the implications of this announcement, examining how changing demographics and political attitudes in Florida have created a shift in the political approach towards the island in Florida and in the United States in general.
By: Christopher Sabatini
Diamanti, at left, in 2010.
Rodrigo Diamanti, the president of international human rights organization Un Mundo Sin Mordaza, was detained at the Maiquetía airport on May 7 by Venezuela’s Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional (Bolivarian National Intelligence Service—SEBIN). Diamanti was a contributing author in Americas Quarterly’s Winter 2010 issue, “Voices from the New Generation.” He is presumed detained at Helicoide jail.
The previous week, unidentified members of SEBIN ransacked Un Mundo Sin Mordaza’s headquarters in Caracas, heightening Diamanti’s concerns that the organization was being targeted due to campaigns like “SOS Venezuela,” which is now active in 120 cities around the world.
Prominent members of the Venezuelan opposition mobilized on social media to denounce Diamanti’s detention.
Human Rights Watch issued a highly critical 103-page report of the human rights situation in Venezuela on May 5, prompting a U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations committee hearing on the subject.
UPDATE: On Friday, May 9, Diamanti was released from jail, but is prohibited from leaving Venezuela.
Read Diamanti’s article in the Winter 2010 issue of AQ here.
New Americas Quarterly Released: The Perils and Promise of Consulta Previa
How do you implement consulta previa to ensure the rights of Indigenous communities and investors? The Spring 2014 issue of Americas Quarterly, released on May 8, will examine the different ways that countries in the hemisphere have adopted International Labour Organization Convention 169 (ILO 169), which guarantees Indigenous and ethnic communities the right to prior consultation, and explore how these efforts have affected communities, national and local governments, and companies. As AQ finds in our four-country investigation, the results are decidedly mixed—but with increasing conflict over natural resource extraction and infrastructure projects, creating a space for dialogue remains as urgent as ever.
In this issue, AQ’s research team goes into the field with local researchers in Chile, Colombia, Guatemala and Peru to learn more about how each country has attempted to put consulta previa in practice. Daniel M. Schydlowsky and Robert C. Thompson give us a preview of Peru’s groundbreaking new banking regulations, which will play a role in ensuring that their investments address potential social conflicts. AQ shares two different on-the-ground views of Guatemala’s progress on consulta previa; Carlos Baquero provides an overview of consulta previa legislation in South America; and two AQ Charticles look at resource-related conflict over the last decade in Chile and Peru, as well as the different requirements and steps in Chile, Colombia, Guatemala and Peru to complete consulta previa.
The Spring 2014 issue of AQ also looks at other pressing topics in the hemisphere, including return migration in Guatemala, Colombia’s presidential elections, and Latin America-U.S. relations. José W. Fernandez discusses how the U.S. can deepen its diplomatic ties through economics, and Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, Brazil’s ambassador to the UN, argues that the decline of U.S. power will only bring with it greater respect for multilateral institutions and international law if countries are willing to lead. Plus, as we approach the 2014 World Cup in Brazil this June, don’t miss AQ’s latest Hard Talk forum, where Robert A. Boland and Victor A. Matheson debate whether mega sporting events contribute to economic development.
Following accusations that USAID carried out an illegal program to establish a Twitter-like social network in Cuba, AQ Editor-in-Chief Christopher Sabatini and Senior Editor Alana Tummino argue in The Hill's Congress Blog that change in Cuba is coming from within, but that the U.S. government can help support these efforts with executive actions that cost nothing to taxpayers and that would help expand opportunities and assistance for Cuban entrepreneurs.
June 1: This AQ-Efecto Naím segment looks at sustainable cities in the hemisphere.