What's New From AQ

  • Ambassador Thomas Shannon Discusses U.S.-Brazil Educational Exchange Program

    Tuesday, November 20, 2012

    In his article, Shannon discusses the Brazilian diplomatic initiative Science Without Borders as a way to promote Brazil's scientific and economic capabilites in the future. By partnering with academic institutions in a core group of countries, including the United States and Canada, this innovative new government program will fund study abroad scholarships for 75,000 Brazilian students, with an additional 26,000 scholarships funded through the private sector. In the end, this public-private partnership would enable Brazilian students to acquire scientific and technical skills abroad while mastering foreign languages and interning at major science and technology companies. In return, the U.S. will benefit from young Brazilians' increased exposure to our country, new contacts with emerging international leaders in science in technology, increased diversity in U.S. science and education programs, and stronger bonds with Brazil's science and technology sector.

    Avanço Estratégico do Brasil

    by Thomas A. Shannon, Jr.

    Intercâmbios educacionais em ciências são uma grande ideia, talvez uma das iniciativas diplomáticas mais importantes das políticas do continente. Mas passar por todos os obstáculos para concretizar uma meta tão simples e poderosa não é tão fácil quanto parece.

    Durante encontro no Brasil em março do ano passado, o presidente americano, Barack Obama, e a presidente brasileira, Dilma Rousseff, conversaram sobre um plano para enviar 101 mil estudantes brasileiros para o exterior estudar ciências, engenharia, matemática e tecnologia. Anunciada logo depois, a iniciativa Ciência sem Fronteiras indicou o interesse da presidente Dilma Rousseff em marcar seu mandato com a construção de uma porta em seu país para o século 21. Um pouco antes do tête-à-tête, Obama havia anunciado seus planos de enviar 100 mil estudantes americanos para a Ásia e prometeu divulgar uma iniciativa similar para a América Latina em Santiago, no Chile — a parada seguinte da sua visita à América Latina em 2011. Durante o encontro em Brasília, os dois líderes conversaram sobre a importância de usar a educação para melhorar a capacidade dos países em ciência e engenharia e assim impulsionar o desenvolvimento econômico, promover a mobilidade social e intensificar a inovação.

    A presidente Dilma Rousseff já vinha trabalhando em um plano destinado a usar programas de estudo no exterior para internacionalizar o ensino superior brasileiro e acelerar o desenvolvimento científico e tecnológico do Brasil. Impressionada com a abrangência e a ambição da iniciativa americana, ela se comprometeu a igualá-la.

    Quatro meses depois, em julho de 2011, a presidente Dilma Rousseff lançou o Ciência sem Fronteiras no Palácio do Planalto, comprometendo seu governo a financiar integralmente 75 mil bolsas para o estudo no exterior e anunciando compromissos do setor privado brasileiro com o financiamento de outras 26 mil bolsas.

    Inicialmente, o foco foi em um grupo principal de países com universidades capazes de receber um grande fluxo de estudantes brasileiros: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Grã-Bretanha, França, Alemanha e Itália. Logo depois, outros países como China, Rússia, Índia, Suécia, Irlanda e Bélgica se apresentaram para oferecer vagas em suas universidades aos ávidos estudantes brasileiros.

  • New Americas Quarterly on the Middle Class in Latin America Released

    Monday, November 12, 2012

    Meet Latin America's Real Middle Class: What they Believe, What they Purchase, What they Want

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  • AQ's Jason Marczak Discusses Impact of Latino Voters in U.S. Presidential Elections

    Friday, November 9, 2012

    Jason Marczak, Senior Editor of Americas Quarterly and Director of Policy at Americas Society/Council of the Americas, examines the role of Latino voters in the re-election of U.S. President Barack Obama in an article for El Universal published on November 9.

    El voto latino llegó para quedarse

    by Jason Marczak

    El presidente Barack Obama fue relecto el martes con un amplio margen en el Colegio Electoral y con victorias en la mayoría de los estados clave.

    Su triunfo fue el resultado de una campaña eficiente y estructurada, pero también de la gran afluencia electoral de la población latina y su tendencia a votar por el Partido Demócrata.

    En este sentido, a menos que el partido republicano modifique su mensaje hacia los latinos, su contienda será cuesta arriba en futuras elecciones presidenciales.

    Uno de cada diez votantes que participaron es de origen latino, y 71% de estos electores apoyaron al presidente—una gran ventaja en relación al 27% de latinos que apoyaron al candidato Mitt Romney. Históricamente, la población latina ha votado a favor del Partido Demócrata, pero este nuevo margen de diferencia de 44%—el más grande desde que Bill Clinton ganó el 51% del voto latino, en 1996—es significativo debido a que el número de votantes de origen latino ha crecido en 13 millones desde 1996 hasta hoy.

    El voto latino llegó para quedarse, y resulta imposible ignorar su relevancia.

    Read the rest of the article here.


  • AQ's Chris Sabatini Gives Advice for Obama's Second Term

    Thursday, November 8, 2012

    Christopher Sabatini, Editor-in-Chief of Americas Quarterly and Senior Director of Policy at Americas Society/Council of the Americas, says that the U.S. will need to expand its working relationship with Latin American governments during re-elected President Obama's second term in an article for CNN World published on November 8.

    10 Foreign Policy Priorities for Obama

    by Christopher Sabatini

    Despite its importance for U.S. exports and the counter-narcotics, Latin America will not be a high priority for the new administration – perhaps understandable given the other demands and crises across the globe. That said, there are a number of countries and issues that certainly deserve high level attention.

    First among them is Brazil. The world’s sixth-largest economy, Brazil aims to be a regional and global power, an ambition that has made for a prickly partnership with the U.S., including over the humanitarian intervention in Libya and its goal to gain a permanent seat on an expanded U.N. Security Council. The administration should try to foster Brazil’s promotion into multilateral forums and agreements to leverage a closer working relationship.

    Second, the drug trade and the violence and corruption that have come with it are threatening state collapse in Central America and have cost over 50,000 lives in Mexico. The U.S. needs to dramatically expand its assistance and cooperation with countries in the region while also attacking drug consumption and arms sales within its own borders.

    Last, for domestic political reasons, Cuba has always – unfortunately – always commanded outsize attention in U.S. domestic politics and policy toward the region, with support for the U.S. embargo often serving as a litmus test for presidential appointees before congress. The next four years, it will deserve the attention – but of a different sort. With Fidel Castro 86 years-old and his successor brother Raul 83, there will almost certainly be a leadership transition in Cuba’s 60-year-old revolution. The embargo law currently ties the ability of the U.S. government in its relations with Cuba and the Cuban people until a democratic transition is nearly completed, and has isolated U.S.-Cuba policy from the rest of the world.  The U.S. will need to refine its policy to play a constructive, multilateral role if it wants to shape the process – which, being just 90 miles from Florida, it must.

    Read the rest of the article here.


  • U.S. Institute for Peace Holds Women, War and Peacebuilding in Colombia Event

    Thursday, November 1, 2012

    In anticipation of the upcoming peace talks in Havana between the Colombian government and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—FARC), the U.S. Institute for Peace will hold a panel discussion entitled Women, War and Peacebuilding in Colombia next Monday. The panel will address the role of Colombian women in the peacebuilding process and question why they have been left out of official peace negotiations.

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  • AQ and Efecto Naím Air Joint Report: Brazilian Corporations Expand Influence on World Stage

    Sunday, October 28, 2012

    The sixth joint report by AQ and Efecto Naím aired this Sunday, October 28, examining Brazilian corporations that are exerting increasing influence in the country’s foreign policy.

    Brazil's rise on the world stage has brought with it the rise of some of Brazil's largest corporations. The interests of these corporations may play a role in a variety of policy decisions by the Brazilian government, ranging from their bid for the World Cup and the Olympic Games to the way they interact with their neighbors and the rest of the world.

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  • AQ Contributing Photographer Nicolas Villaume Chosen for AI-AP Latin American Fotografía Winners Slide Show

    Friday, October 19, 2012

    Americas Quarterly is proud to congratulate Nicolas Villaume, a frequent contributing photographer to AQ, for his selection by American Illustration and American Photography (AI-AP) as a chosen winner of the 2012 Latin American Fotografía and Ilustración competition.

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  • American University to Host Conference on Improving Inter-American Human Rights Commission and Court

    Thursday, October 11, 2012

    More than 30 prominent international law centers will convene on Monday, October 15 at American University’s Washington College of Law to debate the future of the Inter-American Human Rights System. The day-long conference is intended to address the needs and challenges of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) in light of increased criticism that the institutions, both autonomous branches of the Organization of American States (OAS), are in dire need of reform.

    In early September, the Venezuelan government officially informed OAS Secretary General José Miguel Insulza that it was renouncing the American Convention on Human Rights and would begin the process of pulling out of the regional human rights pact. Within a year, Venezuela will no longer be part of the regional human rights bodies. Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, who was re-elected for a fourth term on Sunday, has recently accused the international bodies of campaigning against his government and “supporting terrorism.” Amnesty International criticized the Venezuelan government’s decision to withdraw from the Inter-American Human Rights System, a decision that critics have said would violate the country’s constitution and weaken human rights protections in the region.

  • The Venezuelan Opposition's Silver Lining

    Tuesday, October 9, 2012

    In an article for CNN published on October 9, Christopher Sabatini, Editor-in-Chief of Americas Quarterly and Senior Director of Policy at Americas Society/Council of the Americas, analyzes the road ahead for the Venezuelan opposition following President Hugo Chávez' re-election.

    The Venezuelan opposition’s silver lining

    Christopher Sabatini

    Read More

  • AQ's Jason Marczak and Andreina Seijas Examine Post Venezuelan Election Results

    Tuesday, October 9, 2012

    Jason Marczak, Senior Editor of Americas Quarterly and Director of Policy at Americas Society/Council of the Americas, and Andreina Seijas, a regular contributor to Americas Quarterly who works in the policy department at Americas Society/Council of the Americas, examine the results of the Venezuelan presidential elections in an article for El Diario published on October 9.

    Una victoria para Chávez, pero no para el chavismo

    Jason Marczak and Andreina Seijas

    Con el 55.0% de los votos, este domingo Hugo Chávez ganó su cuarta reelección, extendiendo su plazo presidencial hasta el 2019 si su salud lo permite. El candidato de la Mesa de la Unidad Democrática, Henrique Capriles, recibió el 44.4% del apoyo popular.

    Pero esta vez la reelección del mandatario no significa una derrota total para la oposición. Chávez ganó con una ventaja de 20% o más en elecciones anteriores. Esta vez la oposición estuvo tan solo a casi 10% de alcanzar la victoria, una diferencia de aproximadamente un millón y medio de votos.

    Esta elección presentó dos visiones distintas para el país: Chávez prometió la expansión de su revolución bolivariana; y Capriles prometió una dirección diferente y más parecida al modelo brasileño de inversión social a la par de crecimiento económico y reinserción en la economía mundial.

    La elevada participation en esta elección (81%) muestra que los venezolanos aún creen en la posibilidad de un cambio. Sí, Chávez ganó, pero lo hizo usando todos los recursos del estado-el aparato mediático para divulgar su mensaje, la renta petrolera para financiar sus programas sociales, y la amenaza del despido para todo aquel empleado público que no apoye su gestión. Los 6.4 millones de personas que votaron por Capriles, lo hicieron por una visión y un proyecto ajenos al abuso de los poderes del Estado.

    Read the rest of the article here.


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