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AQ Feature

Introducing Latin America’s Top 5 “Urban Visionaries”

How to make cities better? In this new issue of AQ, an inspiring group of Latin Americans shows why collaboration is just as important (really!) as money.
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PAULO FRIDMAN

This article is adapted from AQ’s print issue on making Latin American cities better | Leer en español | Ler em português

Take a look at today’s Latin American cities, and it’s tempting to see mostly problems: traffic, pollution, crime and other legacies of the incredible transformation that saw the region’s population go from mostly rural in the 1960s to 80 percent urban now.

But look closer, and you’ll see progress. Buenos Aires is bringing services to long-neglected areas, it’s safer for pedestrians and cyclists — and generally looks and runs better than it has in decades. São Paulo and Cali have seen dramatic declines in homicide rates. Ciudad Juárez and Porto Alegre offer unexpected tales of urban renewal. In Panama City and elsewhere, authorities are working to cope with climate change. Poles of innovation — little “Silicon Valleys”— are popping up everywhere.

In all of these places, visionary leaders are driving change — mayors and city officials, but also entrepreneurs, activists, architects and everyday people. This issue of AQ focuses on their stories. Together, they point the way to policies that will make cities more sustainable, resilient and better prepared for tomorrow’s jobs.

What’s striking about these “urban visionaries” is how money was generally not the determining factor in their success. For example, Buenos Aires Mayor Horacio Rodríguez Larreta has orchestrated huge improvements to the city’s infrastructure despite ongoing economic trouble and dodgy politics. Jhony Fernando Fernández orchestrated a truce among Cali gangs with little more than force of personality. In these cases, the key seems to have been convincing various parties to work together toward a common goal — to collaborate.

This may sound obvious, or even hokey. But Latin America is a place where civic identity is often weak, perhaps because of the world’s biggest gap between rich and poor. Self-interest, distrust and political polarization sometimes carry the day. These leaders have found ways to overcome them, and shown the rewards can be immense.

Even then, of course, there are barriers. The Citi Foundation’s Brandee McHale outlines steps cities should take to bring great ideas to life. Eduardo Levy-Yeyati of Universidad Torcuato Di Tella argues municipal leaders will need to more actively prepare young workers for the coming waves of automation and artificial intelligence.

Indeed, the moment is critical. Projections suggest that, following the population boom of the late 20th century, Latin America’s urban areas should now grow at a much more manageable pace. Now is the time to cope with changing job markets, the acute need for new infrastructure and rising oceans. So the 21st century can be a truly great one for cities.

- Brian Winter, Editor-in-Chief


aline

AQ Top 5 Urban Visionaries: Aline Cavalcante

A cycling enthusiast-turned-activist wanted to make the perilous streets of São Paulo safer for two-wheelers. She has gotten two different mayors to listen.
laretta

AQ Top 5 Urban Visionaries: Horacio Rodríguez Larreta

Despite tough economic times, the mayor of Buenos Aires has invested heavily in infrastructure and education to reduce inequality.
johny

AQ Top 5 Urban Visionaries: Jhony Fernando Fernández

A young man from a low-income neighborhood in Cali, Colombia, goes from gang member to community leader and peacemaker.

AQ Top 5 Urban Visionaries: Ricardo Mora

An entrepreneur in Ciudad Juárez creates a start up incubator and co-working space to attract talent and investment to the depressed border region.
banfield

AQ Top 5 Urban Visionaries: Raisa Banfield

A Panama City architect-turned TV host raised her voice in defense of the environment. Now she's vice-mayor – and a globally recognized advocate.
citithumb

How Latin American Cities Can Turn Big Ideas into Reality

Innovative, sustainable urban initiatives are often rejected as expensive and complicated. Overcoming such roadblocks requires long-term thinking from policymakers.

9 Great Urban Ideas from Latin American Cities

From electric scooters to vertical gardens to young coders creating chatbots, nine promising initiatives that are changing Latin American cities for the better.

Brewing Up an Urban Revival in Porto Alegre

Beer makers (and drinkers) resurrect a run-down and under-utilized industrial area of Porto Alegre, Brazil.
yeyati

Latin American Cities and the Future of Work

How to prepare Latin America's workforce for a technological revolution.
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Any opinions expressed in this piece do not necessarily reflect those of Americas Quarterly or its publishers.


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